What Is Network Hardware? What You’ll Need for a New Network

What Is Network Hardware? What You’ll Need for a New Network

Network hardware, also known as networking hardware or network equipment, refers to physical devices that are required for communication and interaction between devices on a computer network. 

Nile Access Service integrates over traditionally separately consumed 10 different product and service components for wired and wireless networks into a single solution. These components include access/distribution switching, Wi-Fi APs, Wi-Fi sensors, zero trust isolation of connected users and devices, dynamic segmentation, IoT profiling, performance analytics, orchestration, guest authentication, and DHCP services in the cloud, among others. As a result of this integration, enterprises realize several values:

  • Streamlined Operation: Full-stack automation and continuous optimization streamline traditionally very expensive design, installation, deployment, monitoring, and support workflows.
  • Reduced Business Risk: Nile shares the responsibility for network success with customers, proactively resolving deviations in service quality, and offering a performance guarantee for coverage, capacity and availability on a per site and building basis.
  • Time and Cost Efficiency: Enterprises can reclaim time from the lifecycle management of their access networks. The service is delivered as a monthly or annual subscription, eliminating the need for upfront capital expenditure and providing flexibility of consumption on a per user or per square foot basis.
  • Improved Security: Nile extends zero trust security principles to the enterprise campus and branch to reduce the attack surface across the LAN.

Types of network hardware

Several types of network hardware help in communication and data transfer across a network:

Network interface card (NIC)

This is an internal component of the computer that is used to interface or connect a computer to a network. Each NIC has a unique hardware address called a MAC address, which identifies it on the network. NICs can support various types of connections, including Ethernet and Wi-Fi.


This device is used to route or direct network packets, thus creating an overlay internetwork. Routers determine the best path for data to travel and can connect different network types, such as LANs, to a WAN. They often include built-in firewalls and settings for network management.


A network switch is a device that connects multiple devices together within one local area network (LAN). Unlike hubs, switches are more intelligent; they can learn the MAC addresses of connected devices and only forward data to the specific port where the recipient device is connected.


Hubs are devices that are used to connect multiple Ethernet devices together and make them work as a single network segment. However, hubs broadcast data to all connected devices, which can lead to network congestion. They operate at the OSI model's physical layer.

Access point (AP)

An AP is a device that creates a wireless local area network, or WLAN, usually in an office or large building. It allows Wi-Fi devices to connect to a wired network, extending the network's reach wirelessly.

Ethernet cables

These are types of network cables that are used for wired networks. They transmit data using the Ethernet protocol. Various types of Ethernet cables exist, like Cat5e and Cat6, with differing speed capabilities and maximum lengths. Proper cabling is essential for network performance and reliability.


This network security device monitors incoming and outgoing network traffic and prevents unauthorized access to data. Firewalls can be hardware-based or software-based and offer various filtering methods, such as packet filtering and stateful inspection.


A repeater is an electronic device in a network that receives a signal and retransmits it at a higher level or higher power, or onto the other side of an obstruction. By amplifying signals, they extend the range of a network, making them useful in large buildings or areas with signal obstructions.


Its primary role is to connect two or more networks, structurally different and heterogeneous, based on protocols. Gateways operate at various OSI model layers, translating between different communication protocols and enabling data flow between disparate networks.


Bridges are devices used to divide larger networks into smaller sections. They do this by sitting between two physical network segments and managing the flow of data between the two. Bridges operate at the data link layer and use MAC addresses to determine if data should be passed through or filtered.

Benefits of using network hardware

Improved communication efficiency

Network hardware devices such as routers, switches, and hubs facilitate quick and secure data transfer. This enhances the speed and efficiency of communication within an organization. For instance, when employees need to share large files across different departments, these devices ensure timely and reliable delivery, streamlining the workflow.

Improved security

Devices like firewalls and routers come with security features that help protect a network from unauthorized access, viruses, and other threats. For a company handling sensitive customer data, such security measures are vital in maintaining trust and protecting valuable information from cyber attacks.

Remote access

Network hardware enables users to connect and access resources on a local network from remote locations. This capability enhances collaboration and productivity. For instance, employees traveling or working from home can access office resources seamlessly, ensuring continuity of operations.

Cost savings

Centralized management, resource sharing, and improved communication through networking hardware can result in significant cost savings for organizations. For example, an office can reduce expenses by sharing printers and other resources rather than purchasing individual units for every department.

Enables IoT connectivity

Networking hardware plays a pivotal role in building and maintaining IoT infrastructure in our increasingly connected world. For a smart city project, integrating sensors and devices over a network becomes feasible with the right networking hardware, leading to improved urban services.

Resource sharing

Using network hardware allows for sharing resources like printers, scanners, and storage devices among multiple users. This enhances cost efficiency and streamlines business operations. For example, students on a college campus network can easily access and collaborate using a shared storage device, speeding up project completion.


Network hardware facilitates easy expansion of the network. It accommodates new devices and users without disrupting current operations. As a startup grows and hires more employees, the existing network can be effortlessly scaled to cater to the increased demand.

Data backup and recovery

Network-attached storage devices can serve as a centralized data backup point. This is crucial for the recovery of lost data. In scenarios where critical data is at risk, having these backup points can be the difference between swift recovery and significant operational setbacks.

Better bandwidth utilization

Devices like switches and routers effectively distribute and manage network traffic, optimizing bandwidth use. This improves network efficiency. In an organization that relies heavily on online communications and data transfer, optimized bandwidth ensures that systems run smoothly even during peak usage times.

Nile Access Service integrates multiple hardware and software components into a single solution by following three key architecture principles:

  • Standardized System Design: It utilizes a single set of hardware elements at each customer deployment with a standardized best practices design.
  • Unified Software Release: It relies on a single cloud software release for all components in the solution.
  • Single Data Store: It uses a single data store across the tech and services stack to automate traditionally manual operational workflows.

Network hardware management best practices

Maintain comprehensive documentation

Keep an up-to-date record of your network hardware inventory, including manufacturer, model, location, quantity, user, and any other pertinent details.

Schedule regular maintenance

Ensure that you set up and adhere to a maintenance routine that encompasses periodic updates, patches, or the replacement of obsolete equipment.

Centralize your management approach

Adopt centralized hardware management tools to streamline the control, monitoring, and troubleshooting processes from a singular interface.

Implement automation routines

Introduce automated procedures for regular tasks like updates and backups to enhance efficiency and minimize human error.

Conduct regular network audits

Set up a system for consistent monitoring and auditing to detect and rectify performance anomalies in your network early.

Fortify hardware security

Take necessary precautions to store all physical hardware and integrate robust security protocols securely.

Establish backup and disaster recovery protocols

Prioritize creating backup strategies and have a disaster recovery plan ready to ensure business continuity.

Train your team

Invest in regular training sessions for your staff, ensuring they're equipped with best practices for network hardware management.

Engage in vendor support agreements

Forge strong relationships with network hardware vendors and ensure they provide comprehensive support.

Design a future-proof network architecture

Map out a network architecture considering scalability, technological advancements, and resilience against failures.

Monitor environmental factors

Implement systems to continuously track and regulate temperature and humidity to safeguard your hardware.

Standardize configuration practices

Ensure uniformity by adopting standard configurations for all your network hardware installations and setups.

Organize your cables effectively

Emphasize clear cable management, using labels and systematic layouts to ease troubleshooting.

Prioritize energy-efficient hardware

Choose and deploy hardware solutions focusing on energy efficiency to reduce costs and environmental impact.

Update firmware consistently

Stay vigilant and ensure all hardware firmware is consistently updated to the latest versions. Many organizations use configuration management tools to deploy firmware updates en masse.

Common network hardware challenges

Managing network hardware today comes with several challenges:

Compatibility issues

Compatibility issues between hardware and software components are common due to numerous manufacturers and developers. Administrators can address this by conducting thorough research before purchasing and by maintaining a list of approved, compatible devices and software versions. Regular testing before full-scale deployment can also help identify potential compatibility issues.


Networks must adjust based on business demands, but hardware scalability can be hampered by cost and compatibility. To overcome this, administrators can invest in modular hardware solutions that allow for easy expansions or reductions. Additionally, virtualization techniques can be employed to make the most of existing resources.


The rising cyber threats make secure networks paramount, with network hardware often targeted. To combat this, administrators should always keep the hardware firmware updated, perform regular security audits, and employ intrusion detection and prevention systems.

Rapid technological changes

The fast-paced evolution of network hardware necessitates frequent updates and upgrades. Administrators can address this challenge by setting aside a budget for regular updates and by subscribing to industry news and updates to stay informed.

High costs

The expenses of top-tier networking hardware, along with upkeep, can be daunting. To mitigate these costs, administrators can explore bulk purchasing deals, consider leasing equipment, or evaluate the potential of open-source or alternative solutions that offer comparable functionality.

Energy consumption

The significant energy usage of network devices is both costly and environmentally concerning. Administrators can invest in energy-efficient hardware, utilize energy management software, and consider server virtualization to reduce the number of physical servers and, subsequently, energy consumption.


Modern networks' intricacy can make hardware setup and maintenance daunting. Administrators can overcome this by investing in intuitive management tools, utilizing cloud-based solutions to offload some complexity, and continuously training the IT team on best practices.


Hardware failures can halt operations, emphasizing the need for reliability. To address this, administrators should have redundant systems in place, conduct regular hardware health checks, and maintain an up-to-date disaster recovery plan.

Physical environment

The specific environmental requirements of network hardware can be challenging. Administrators can consider colocation or cloud solutions to mitigate infrastructural demands or invest in efficient cooling and monitoring systems for on-premises setups.

Skills gap

Network hardware management demands unique expertise. To bridge this gap, administrators can provide regular training sessions for their in-house team, collaborate with specialized consultants, or consider managed IT services for comprehensive hardware management.

Nile Access Service provides the following benefits to IT organizations in terms of network management, orchestration, and operations:

Automate Lifecycle Management: Nile recommends eliminating manual workflows for lifecycle management. This includes orchestrated software upgrades, continuous site surveys, and constant optimization to ensure the best user experience.

Implement Zero Trust Network Access: Nile emphasizes the importance of extending zero trust security principles to the enterprise campus and branch to reduce the attack surface across the LAN and completely eliminate the potential proliferation of malware. This includes orchestrating user/device level segmentation after mandating secure network access, and eliminating the need for static ACLs across wire and Wi-Fi connectivity. 

Simplify Network Design: Nile suggests simplifying network design with a single high-density and available architecture at each site. This includes the use of a unified data and software architecture that enables one-touch provisioning workflows across the entire tech stack.

Proactive Monitoring and Support: Nile recommends proactive monitoring and support. This includes using physical sensors and software bots for deep analysis of the overall service health, from user experience to hardware infrastructure monitoring. This continuous testing delivers high-definition coverage and capacity, and enables instrumentation to remediate performance issues proactively.

Embrace Full Stack Automation and Continuous Optimization: Nile advises enterprises to streamline traditionally very expensive design, installation, deployment, monitoring, and support workflows through full stack automation and continuous optimization. This approach helps reduce operational costs and accelerates time to service at scale.

No more network hardware headaches

Understanding network hardware is only one piece of building a reliable network. That’s why many organizations partner with Nile to realize its true potential.

With Nile Access Service, you can rest assured knowing your network performance outcomes like availability and capacity are guaranteed. This includes built-in zero-trust security measures and offers usage-based billing for scalable, flexible consumption. The service dramatically simplifies network management by offloading key lifecycle management tasks, helping you to focus on what you do best.

Discover how Nile can plan, design, and implement a custom network for your organization today.


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